We require a C5 vaccination for dog boarding administered less than 12 months and more than 2 weeks before boarding
A C3 vaccination covers distemper, hepatitis and parvo - ie against 3 viruses, hence the name C3. This is the basic vaccination that all dogs should have.
A C5 vaccination covers the same as C3 but also protects against 2 types of bugs that cause Canine Cough (Bordatella bacteria and Parainfluenza virus). So protects the dog against 5 different things, hence C5. Dogs who are around other dogs, go to training or go to boarding will need to have this vaccine. Reputable kennels and training centres won't accept dogs without it. Canine cough, while it sounds very uncomfortable, is treatable with rest, isolation and tends not to be a serious problem in otherwise healthy dogs (it can be serious in young pups though). A visit to the vet to avoid a secondary infection is usually recommended.
C4 is C3 with only one half of the canine cough, so you're only protecting against one of the things that can make a dog cough.
A minimum of an F3 vaccination, but preferably an F4 administered less than 12 months and more than 2 weeks before boarding
A highly contagious viral disease (a close relative of the viruses that cause measles in man) resulting in fever with ocular and nasal discharges. This may be followed by pneumonia, vomiting, diarrhea and/or brain damage. Puppies from 3-6 months old are particularly susceptible. CDV spreads through aerosol droplets or contact with infected bodily fluids, including nasal and ocular secretions, faeces and urine, 6-22 days after exposure. The time between infection and disease is 14-18 days, although a fever can appear from 3-6 days after infection. Recovery rate is very low.
A viral disease resulting in depression, diarrhea, tonsillitis and acute abdominal pain due to enlargement of the liver. The virus is spread in faeces and other bodily fluids from infected dogs. It is contracted through the mouth or nose, where it replicates in the tonsils. The virus then infects the liver and kidneys. The incubation period is 4-7 days and severity ranges from a slight fever to fatal illness.
A contagious viral disease which attacks the intestines causing acute diarrhoea and vomiting resulting in rapid dehydration and possible death. The virus is transmitted either by direct contact with an infected dog, or indirectly, by the fecal-oral route. Improper vaccination protocol and vaccination failure can also lead to a CPV infection. Certain dog breeds, such as Rottweilers, Dobermans, Labradors, German Shepherds, English Springer Spaniels, and Husky/Malamutes are particularly vulnerable to the disease.
Canine Distemper, Infectious Canine Hepatitis and Parvovirus should all be incorporated in the primary vaccination course, which is normally carried out in pups at about 4, 8 and 12 weeks of age. It is advisable to limit young puppies’ exposure to any other dogs until they are fully covered by their initial course of vaccinations. A booster at 15 months is required to maintain immunity and then Triennial boosters are possible for the DHP.
Canine Cough Complex (bordatella & Parainfluenza) is a HIGHLY infectious disease that can cause a severe and chronic cough and sometimes progresses to pneumonia. The vaccine should be included in the initial primary vaccination course, given intra-nasally or via injection and then on an annual basis.
This makes up the C5 vaccinations which most Boarding Kennels require. Protection from the vaccinations may take up to TWO WEEKS and all pets must be isolated during this time, and accordingly also NOT brought into a boarding kennel environment.
Canine Cough (Infectioius Canine Tracheobronchitis) is caused by a number of organisms including Parainfluenza virus and Bordetella bacteria. Clinical signs vary from a dry hacking cough to a productive moist cough with secondary pneumonia. Antibiotics are given to treat any bacterial infection. Cough suppressants are used if the cough is not productive. Prevention is aided by vaccinating but like human influenza, even after vaccination, a dog can still contract mutated strains. In some cases, like kennels or doggie daycare, it is usually not a cleaning or disinfecting issue, but rather an airborne issue, as the dogs are in contact with each other's saliva and breath. Although most kennels require proof of vaccination, the vaccination is not a fail-safe preventative.
Cats are particularly susceptible to a complex of respiratory diseases, some of which can lead to death.
VIRAL RHINOTRACHEITIS (FVR)
FVR is caused by a Herpesvirus. It gives rise to severe flu-like symptoms with discharge from the eyes and nose. There is fever and inappetence. Death can occur with pneumonia as a complication.
CALICIVIRAL DISEASE (FCV)
FCV is caused by several serotypes of Calicivirus Cats, have similar signs to FVR and is clinically indistinguishable.
Cats typically acquire feline calcivirus (FCV) after coming into contact with other infected cats. Because FCV is resistant to disinfectants, cats may come into contact with the virus in almost any environment. Lack of vaccination or improper vaccination is thought be an important risk factor, as well as a lowered immune response due to pre-existing infections or diseases.
Panleukopoenia is a multisystemic disease caused by the Parvovirus. The most immediate damage is to the lining of the intestines, young kittens are most susceptible and acute deaths can occur.